Accession Number : AD0638348

Title :   The Energy Budget at the Earth's Surface: Diffusive Resistances At, and Transpiration Rates from, Leaves in Situ within the Vegetative Canopy of a Corn Crop.

Descriptive Note : Interim rept.,

Corporate Author : AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE ITHACA N Y SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION RESEARCH DIV

Personal Author(s) : Impens ,I. I. ; Stewart ,D. W. ; Allen,L. H. , Jr. ; Lemon,E. R.

Report Date : JUN 1966

Pagination or Media Count : 27

Abstract : At several heights and times of day within a crop of Zea mays, internal leaf diffusion resistance (r sub phi) and external boundary layer diffusion resistance (r sub a) were evaluated by measuring the temperature of a transpiring and a non-transpiring leaf (simulated by covering both sides of a normal lead with strips of polyethylene tape), and by measuring the immediate air temperature, humidity and windspeed. Both r sub a and r sub phi increased with depth into the crop. However, r sub a generally was less than 10 per cent of r sub phi. Profiles of latent-heat flux density and source intensity of transpiration showed that transpiration corresponded roughly to foliage distribution (with an upward shift) and were not similar to the profile of radiation absorption. The data were compared with heat budget data. The two approaches hielded quite similar height distributions of transpiration per unit leaf area and total transpiration resistance. The total crop resistance to transpiration was computed as 0.027 min/cm. This compares well with Monteith's values of 0.017 to 0.040 min/cm for beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), and Linacre's values of 0.015 to 0.020 min/cm for turf. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*MICROMETEOROLOGY, EVAPOTRANSPIRATION), (*EVAPOTRANSPIRATION, *PLANTS(BOTANY)), METEOROLOGICAL PHENOMENA, AGRICULTURE, CORN

Subject Categories : Agronomy, Horticulture and Aquiculture
      Meteorology
      Biology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE