Accession Number : AD0640146

Title :   CULTURAL INFLUENCES ON ORGANIZATIONS: PTA'S IN JAPAN, HAWAII AND MAINLAND U.S.A.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU EAST-WEST CENTER FOR CULTURAL EXCHANGE

Personal Author(s) : Berrien,F. K. ; Iwahara,Shinkuro ; Arkoff,Abe

Report Date : AUG 1966

Pagination or Media Count : 34

Abstract : Local PTA's in continental United States, Honolulu, and Tokyo, were surveyed to determine the nature of their leadership, the kinds of problems they confront, and the degree of autonomy each displayed. The study was the second aimed to discover to what extent Japanese community-based organizations reveal evidences of centralized vs. distributed control and related behavioral evidences of personal preferences that discriminate between Japanese and Americans. The results suggest that PTA's in Japan, more than in the USA, are led by persons who have attained, in other activities, a recognized leadership status. The frequency and type of meetings held are consistent with the personal preferences of Americans for less autonomy. The Japanese tend more than the Americans to concentrate attention and resources on the problems of their own school with correspondingly less concern with issues extending to higher levels in the PTA or educational hierarchy. In many of these respects (number of meetings, status of leadership, and dispersion of concerns), the Hawaiian associations fell between the mainland Americans and the Japanese. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*CULTURE, *SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY), (*JAPAN, SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY), (*UNITED STATES, SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY), (*HAWAII, SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY), LEADERSHIP, EDUCATION, PERSONALITY, PUBLIC OPINION, SOCIOLOGY

Subject Categories : Sociology and Law
      Humanities and History
      Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE