Accession Number : AD0640482

Title :   LITERATURE REVIEW OF ESKIMO KNOWLEDGE OF THE SEA ICE ENVIRONMENT.

Descriptive Note : Preliminary rept. for 1 Oct 64-1 Oct 65,

Corporate Author : WISCONSIN UNIV MADISON

Personal Author(s) : Nelson,Richard K.

Report Date : MAY 1966

Pagination or Media Count : 65

Abstract : The report concerns travel and survival on Arctic sea ice. Information is totally derived from literature and deals mainly with Alaskan Eskimo practices but includes some from areas of the Canadian Arctic. Much of the information is anecdotal and unsystematic observation made by pioneers and explorers familiar with the Arctic and the Eskimo. The report lists environmental phenomena or 'stimuli' which are likely to occur in the Arctic, and the activities or 'responses' which the sea ice traveler must make in order to cope with these external forces or to utilize resources which the environment provides. The author has segregated a series of external forces and resources, and has suggested one or several ways to deal with them. These are divided into the physical environment and biological environment. The first includes temperature, wind, precipitation, atmospheric phenomena, astronomical phenomena, and the sea ice itself. The second includes all sources of energy available to the sea ice hunter: invertebrates, fish, birds and mammals. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*ALASKA, *SURVIVAL(PERSONNEL)), ICE, STRESS(PHYSIOLOGY), HUMANS, METEOROLOGICAL PHENOMENA, ECOLOGY, FOOD, REVIEWS

Subject Categories : Escape, Rescue and Survival

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE