Accession Number : AD0641423

Title :   ORGANIZATIONAL FACTORS IN SCIENTIFIC PERFORMANCE IN AN INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH LABORATORY.

Descriptive Note : Final technical rept.,

Corporate Author : WISCONSIN UNIV MILWAUKEE CENTER FOR ADVANCED STUDY IN ORGANIZATION SCIENCE

Personal Author(s) : Smith,Clagett G.

Report Date : OCT 1966

Pagination or Media Count : 203

Abstract : The research constituted an investigation of organizational factors in scientific performance. A number of hypotheses were tested within a theoretical framework whose major premise states that outstanding achievement in science requires an 'essential tension' between an orientation toward tradition or wisdom and toward innovation or novelty. Work of highest significance is believed to occur in the simultaneous presence of conditions emphasizing wisdom and of those emphasizing novelty. Specifically, several sources of wisdom and novelty were examined as they arose from individual patterns of consultation, from processes occurring within the work group, and from certain aspects of organizational structure. These variables provided substantial predictions of scientific performance, particularly at the work group and organizational level. Thus, the findings partially substantiate the theory while at the same time suggesting certain modifications applicable in the administration of industrial research laboratories. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH, SCIENTISTS), (*SCIENTISTS, PERFORMANCE(HUMAN)), (*PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT, INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH), APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY, SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH, GROUP DYNAMICS, AGING(PHYSIOLOGY), DECISION MAKING, SOCIOMETRICS, SOCIAL COMMUNICATION, MOTIVATION, ATTITUDES(PSYCHOLOGY), CREATIVITY, PERSONALITY

Subject Categories : Administration and Management
      Psychology
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE