Accession Number : AD0641925

Title :   THE IMPACT OF LARGE INSTALLATIONS ON NEARBY AREAS,

Corporate Author : PRINCETON UNIV N J BUREAU OF URBAN RESEARCH

Personal Author(s) : Breese,Gerald ; Klingenmeier,Russell J. ; Cahill,Harold P. ; Whelan,James E. ; Church,Archer E.

Report Date : AUG 1965

Pagination or Media Count : 639

Abstract : The establishment of a large industrial or military installation involves enormous changes in the nearby area's land use, population, government, and economy, as revealed by the five case studies in the report. The case studies illustrate different sizes and types of use (integrated steel mill, Atomic Energy Commission plant, Naval training camp, Air Force base, and aircraft manufacturing plant), geographic areas, focal study areas, and varying kinds of sponsorship. In virtually every case, the new installation's effect on the host area involved a change from a predominantly rural or semi-urban type of living and development to an urban type. Common problems included: financial burden on local areas for provision of expanded facilities; lag in provision of commercial facilities and private housing; relocation of displaced persons and businesses; disruption in the local society and economy due to exceptional demands; inflation in land values; and ineffective development controls, particularly evident in the case of urban planning and subdivision regulations. The characteristics of impact patterns and the devices for anticipating related events and issues are identified. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*MILITARY FACILITIES, URBAN PLANNING), (*INDUSTRIES, URBAN PLANNING), POPULATION, ECONOMICS, SITE SELECTION, RURAL AREAS, HOUSING(DWELLINGS), EMPLOYMENT, SOCIOLOGY, GEORGIA, NEW YORK, PENNSYLVANIA, DELAWARE, SOUTH CAROLINA

Subject Categories : Economics and Cost Analysis
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Civil Engineering

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE