Accession Number : AD0642310

Title :   METABOLIC ASPECTS OF ACUTE STARVATION IN NORMAL HUMANS (10 DAYS).

Descriptive Note : Rept. for Oct-Nov 65,

Corporate Author : ARMY MEDICAL RESEARCH AND NUTRITION LAB DENVER COLO

Personal Author(s) : Consolazio,C. Frank ; Matoush,LeRoy O. ; Johnson,Herman L. ; Nelson,Richard A. ; Krzywicki,Harry J.

Report Date : 22 SEP 1966

Pagination or Media Count : 40

Abstract : The effects of starvation were evaluated on six, normal, healthy adults, during a 10 day period of complete fasting. The major problems encountered, under conditions of no mineral supplementation, were (a) highly negative water balances resulting in body hypohydration; (b) negative nitrogen balances; showing that body protein was being catabolized; and (c) the large mineral and urea losses. These undesirable factors could eventually lead to physical and psychological inefficiency. In addition, significantly abnormal electrocardiograms and electroencephalograms were observed at the end of the fasting period. The men were in fairly poor condition both physically and mentally. There appeared to be increased fatigue and frequent lapse of memory. They were not mentally alert, were extremely tired, pale and haggard and showed some indications of muscle cramps. Although performance was not greatly impaired, it is suggested that complete fasting without mineral supplementation should not be recommended for a soldier on combat patrol. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*STARVATION, *METABOLISM), PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), DEHYDRATION, NITROGEN, PROTEINS, UREA, ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHY, ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY, FATIGUE(PHYSIOLOGY), MEMORY(PSYCHOLOGY), DIET, BODY WEIGHT, EXCRETION, URINE

Subject Categories : Anatomy and Physiology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE