Accession Number : AD0643266

Title :   THE NATURE AND CAPABILITIES OF THE CUTANEOUS SENSES.

Corporate Author : AEROSPACE MEDICAL RESEARCH LABS WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OHIO

Personal Author(s) : Crawford,Billy M. ; Barnes,N. Katherine Copeland

Report Date : JUL 1966

Pagination or Media Count : 49

Abstract : Maintenance and operational personnel frequently obtain information concerning the status of their equipment and environment from other than visual or auditory cues. In many instances these cues were not intentionally provided for by the equipment designer. This report is based on the assumption that system performance can be significantly improved through planning and d4sign for systematic use of man's 'secondary' sensory capabilities. The text of the report summarizes what is known about the cutaneous senses as they relate to troubleshooting, maintenance, and the more general problem of machine-to-man communication. Separate discussions are included for touch and pressure,vibration, temperature, moisture, oiliness, stickiness and texture. Characteristics of each sense are described in terms of theory, method of stimulation, stimulus dimensions and their perceptual correlates, the range through which stimuli are effective and useful, thresholds for detection and differentiation of stimuli, adaptation, and interactions with environmental conditions. The bibliography includes a relatively exhaustive set of references pertaining to the secondary senses, in general, i.e., smell and taste as well as the cutaneous senses. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*MAINTENANCE PERSONNEL, *PERCEPTION), TOUCH, SMELL, MAINTENANCE, SKIN(ANATOMY), TASTE, MAN MACHINE SYSTEMS, THRESHOLDS(PHYSIOLOGY), VIBRATION

Subject Categories : Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Anatomy and Physiology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE