Accession Number : AD0646373

Title :   FACTORS AFFECTING INFORMATION PROCESSING IN SHORT-TERM MEMORY,

Corporate Author : MASSACHUSETTS UNIV AMHERST

Personal Author(s) : Moss,Stanley M. ; Hearns,Joseph F. ; Soward,John B.

Report Date : DEC 1966

Pagination or Media Count : 75

Abstract : Three experiments were conducted to investigate several of the variables that affect information processing in short-term memory as reflected by the strategies used by Ss in a visual search task. The first study investigated differences in strategy as a function of method of payoff. The second study was concerned with changes in strategy when Ss shifted from one incentive ratio to another. The third study was concerned with differences in strategy when Ss were confronted with different work loads. Two general conclusions have emerged from these investigations. First, Ss strategy for optimal information processing in this task is determined by his method of payoff and his work load (Study 1 and Study 2). Second, the degree to which a strategy can be successfully implemented is limited by the interference effects of differential target value and value ratio (Study 1 and Study 2). (Author)

Descriptors :   (*RECALL, VISUAL SIGNALS), (*MEMORY(PSYCHOLOGY), PERFORMANCE(HUMAN)), INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, SEARCH THEORY, MOTIVATION, SYMBOLS, BEHAVIOR, ACCURACY

Subject Categories : Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE