Accession Number : AD0646960

Title :   ENGINEERING PSYCHOLOGY,

Corporate Author : FOREIGN TECHNOLOGY DIV WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OHIO

Personal Author(s) : Leonteva,A. N. ; Zinchenko,V. P. ; Panova,D. Yu.

Report Date : 31 OCT 1966

Pagination or Media Count : 719

Abstract : The problems of engineering psychology, automation, and the basic theories of information theory, of the system of abstractions used in it, and of the conditions of its applicability in psychology are discussed. The detailed dynamics of perception are examined in order to find out how and by what means of what functional structures the sensory content and the abbreviated description of the identified stimulus are formed and fixed in the form of an ensemble of invariant, mutually independent parameters, permitting the realization of simultaneous recognition or differentiation. A method is described, by using formulas, of quantitative analysis of the perception of spatial and spatio-temporal relations. It is indicated that the observer is a person who follows up a system of signals appearing against the background of side effects, which constitutes interferences with respect to these signals. Several methods and systems for analyzing brain biocurrents are discussed. The distribution of functions between man and machine are examined as well as interaction of individuals in the control system, human throughput capacity, basic features of human operator activity, state of reception and coding of information, and basic types of operator activity. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*MAN MACHINE SYSTEMS, APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY), INFORMATION THEORY, ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY, HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING, PERCEPTION(PSYCHOLOGY), PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY, AUTOMATION, BRAIN, AUDITORY PERCEPTION, VISUAL PERCEPTION, MEMORY(PSYCHOLOGY), MOTOR REACTIONS, NOISE, PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), USSR

Subject Categories : Psychology
      Cybernetics
      Human Factors Engineering & Man Machine System

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE