Accession Number : AD0648197

Title :   ORGANIC ELECTRODE PROCESSES: REDUCTION OF NITROAROMATICS IN LIQUID AMMONIATES.

Descriptive Note : Study rept., May 64-Apr 66,

Corporate Author : CALIFORNIA UNIV RIVERSIDE DEPT OF CHEMISTRY

Personal Author(s) : Kuwana,T. ; Darlington,R. K.

Report Date : 01 JAN 1967

Pagination or Media Count : 33

Abstract : The report summarizes the results of a two-year study of the reduction of nitro-aromatic compounds in liquid ammoniate solutions at a bright platinum electrode. The initial phases of the study were devoted to examination of the preparative methods and to the determination of the physical properties of a number of liquid ammoniates. The reduction characteristics of a number of mono- and dinitroaromatics and their substituted compounds were then examined in these solvents. Once the general features of these reductions were determined, the study concentrated on an attempt to elucidate the details of the mechanism for the reduction of nitrobenzene in the two solvents of lithium nitrate ammoniate (LNA) and lithium perchlorate ammoniate (LPA). The electrochemical techniques of single and cyclic sweep voltammetry and controlled potential coulometry were used. Additional information regarding the reduction of these compounds was obtained through the application of electron spin resonance (ESR). (Author)

Descriptors :   (*ELECTROCHEMISTRY, CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS), (*REDUCTION(CHEMISTRY), NITROBENZENES), ELECTRODES, AMMONIA, LITHIUM COMPOUNDS, LIQUIDS, ELECTRON PARAMAGNETIC RESONANCE, FREE RADICALS, PHYSICAL PROPERTIES

Subject Categories : Inorganic Chemistry
      Physical Chemistry

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE