Accession Number : AD0648281

Title :   SHIPPING CONTAINERS FOR BIOLOGICALS,

Corporate Author : NAVAL SUPPLY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT FACILITY BAYONNE N J

Personal Author(s) : Cholmar,S. ; Akrep,J. P. ; Stambler,S.

Report Date : 01 OCT 1956

Pagination or Media Count : 39

Abstract : The report presents the results of a study undertaken to develop a container that would maintain biologicals in the temperature range of 35-50F for a period of at least ten days without external refrigeration. Utilizing thermodynamic principles, a relatively inexpensive ($4.00) expendable package was designed. This container, a fiberboard box, encloses 6 inches of insulation, and utilizes 40 pounds of water ice in a plastic bag as refrigerant. Two containers were concurrently developed to maintain frozen biologicals below 30F: (1) For two days protection - a 14 x 14 x 9 in. container utilizing a quarter block of dry ice (11-2/3 pounds) - a saving of 1.35 cubic feet and 18-1/3 pounds of dry ice over the one presently used. (2) For three days protection - a 14 x 14 x 12 in. container with a half block of dry ice (22 pounds) - a saving of 1.01 cubic feet and 36-2/3 pounds of dry ice. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*CONTAINERS, TEMPERATURE CONTROL), (*BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS, *PACKAGING), FIBERBOARD, THERMAL INSULATION, EXPANDED PLASTICS, REFRIGERANTS, ICE, THERMODYNAMICS, COSTS

Subject Categories : Medical Facilities, Equipment and Supplies
      Containers and Packaging

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE