Accession Number : AD0648517

Title :   A SUMMARY OF RESEARCH IN TRAINING FOR ADVISORY ROLES IN OTHER CULTURES BY THE BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES LABORATORY.

Descriptive Note : Final rept., 1963-66,

Corporate Author : AEROSPACE MEDICAL RESEARCH LABS WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OHIO

Personal Author(s) : King,Philip H.

Report Date : SEP 1966

Pagination or Media Count : 17

Abstract : Due to the crucial need for improved interpersonal relations between United States Air Force technical advisors overseas and the indigenous persons with whom they work, a program of research has been established to improve methods for training cross-cultural communicative skills. This research is divided into four parts: (1) identification in the field of critical incidents and analysis of interactions between Americans and native persons; (2) development, testing, and evaluation of means of collecting information on other cultures; (3) development in the laboratory of new training programs, using Air Force personnel in actual operational contexts. Each of these aspects is described, as is a major laboratory experiment. This study compared two training methods for teaching cross-cultural interaction skills. Subjects trained under self-confrontation (viewing videotape recordings of their performances in role-play situations) learned faster and attained a higher terminal level of performance than subjects who received a standard training manual to read. Subjects with positive attitudes toward the foreign culture learned faster than subjects with neutral or negative attitudes. Retention of skills learned through self-confrontation was high over a 2-week interval. A discussion of future research employing video-tape and the self-confrontation phenomenon is given. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*MILITARY TRAINING, SOCIAL SCIENCES), COUNTERINSURGENCY, SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), BEHAVIOR, TRAINING DEVICES, ATTITUDES(PSYCHOLOGY), SOCIAL COMMUNICATION, AIR FORCE PERSONNEL, CULTURE

Subject Categories : Humanities and History

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE