Accession Number : AD0649839

Title :   SOME PRELIMINARY CALCULATIONS ON THE DIRECT TRANSMISSION OF LIGHT THROUGH A PLANE WATER SURFACE AND ITS RETURN BY A SUBMERGED RETROREFLECTOR,

Corporate Author : NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON D C

Personal Author(s) : Denningham,R. L. ; Drummeter,L. F. , Jr. ; Stamm,G. L.

Report Date : 03 MAR 1967

Pagination or Media Count : 28

Abstract : When light passes through a plane water surface from the atmosphere and is reflected by a retroreflector having a flat glass entrance face, reflective losses occur at two interfaces: air-water and water-glass. In the report the general problem of computing round-trip transmission values for arbitrary relative orientations of the incidence planes at the water surface and the retrosurface is solved, and numerical computations of the effective transmissions for unpolarized light are presented for the coplanar case. The transmission depends on the angle between the direction of incident light and the normal to the interface and on the degree of polarization. The results show that high transmissions can exist, provided the light does not graze either the water surface or the entrance face of the retroreflector. When the light is incident normal to the water surface, the round-trip transmission is approximately 95 percent even when the incident angle at the retroreflector face is as much as 30 degrees; but this value is decreased by about one-half when the incident angle at the retroreflector is 80 degrees. Similarly, the transmission remains high when the direction of incident light at the water surface is inclined up to 30 degrees to the normal. Even when this angle is 85 degrees, the transmission is about 20 percent, provided the retroreflector is inclined properly. Light incident on the water surface from a given direction will be returned most efficiently by a retroreflector when its face is normal to the direction of the light after being refracted at the water surface. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*LIGHT TRANSMISSION, INTERFACES), AIR, WATER, GLASS, REFLECTORS, UNDERWATER, REFRACTION, POLARIZATION, OPTICS, SNELLS LAW

Subject Categories : Optics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE