Accession Number : AD0650154

Title :   EFFECTS OF STRESS AND BIRTH ORDER ON ATTITUDE CHANGE.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : TEXAS UNIV AUSTIN DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY

Personal Author(s) : Helmreich,Robert ; Kuiken,Donald ; Collins,Barry

Report Date : MAR 1967

Pagination or Media Count : 17

Abstract : In a field experiment, the effects of a persuasive communication under high and low stress were assessed. 258 Navy recruits were given a counter-attitudinal communication either under high fear (waiting to go through teargas familiarization) or under relaxed conditions (in their barracks). A mood checklist 'take' measure verified that subjects were significantly more frightened in the high stress condition than under low stress. High stress Ss showed significantly more attitude change than low stress Ss. An interaction between fear and birth order was also found. Later-borns under high fear showed more attitude change than first-borns. Last-borns at least five years younger than their next older sibling (large-gap last-borns) were more similar to first borns than to 'small gap' later-borns.

Descriptors :   (*NAVAL PERSONNEL, BEHAVIOR), (*ATTITUDES(PSYCHOLOGY), ADJUSTMENT(PSYCHOLOGY)), PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), STRESS(PSYCHOLOGY), INTERACTIONS, REACTION(PSYCHOLOGY), STRESS(PHYSIOLOGY), EMOTIONS, PERCEPTION(PSYCHOLOGY)

Subject Categories : Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE