Accession Number : AD0651167

Title :   COST AND FINANCING OF CIVIL DEFENSE: SOME PUBLIC VIEWS,

Corporate Author : PITTSBURGH UNIV PA DEPT OF SOCIOLOGY

Personal Author(s) : Coleman,Alan N.

Report Date : FEB 1967

Pagination or Media Count : 77

Abstract : The report attempts to bring together, from a number of national and community studies, the results regarding the American public's views on the cost and financing of civil defense measures and programs. Given the limitations imposed by the number and diversity of the studies used, the following generalizations obtained: (1) increasing civil defense expenditures in general is believed desirable; (2) many citizens are uncertain about what fallout protection should cost; (3) personal assumption of the total or even partial cost for family shelters is not favored; (4) major objections to family fallout shelters involve cost; (5) favorability of public as well as family fallout shelters is increased when federal or state financial assistance is included; (6) a substantial portion of the citizenry favors a tax reduction or exemption for shelters; (7) indirect inducements for building shelters generally meet the approval of the public; (8) specified alternative methods of financing shelters have been met with disapproval or uncertainty; (9) public shelters are viewed as effective and worth the cost; (10) among alternative programs, education and health rank ahead of civil defense measures, and very few people currently agree that civil defense monies would be better spent on missiles and bombers. The majority of the studies utilized were conducted in the early 1960's--a time when the family shelter controversy reached it apex. General cost and financing issues and alternatives have not been probed extensively in national and community surveys. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*CIVIL DEFENSE, ECONOMICS), COSTS, FALLOUT SHELTERS, PUBLIC OPINION

Subject Categories : Civil Defense

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE