Accession Number : AD0653856

Title :   NATURAL RESISTANCE OF WOODS TO BIOLOGICAL DETERIORATION IN TROPICAL ENVIRONMENTS. PART I. SCREENING TESTS OF A LARGE NUMBER OF WOOD SPECIES.

Descriptive Note : Interim rept.,

Corporate Author : NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON D C

Personal Author(s) : Southwell,C. R. ; Hummer,C. W. , Jr. ; Forgeson,B. W. ; Price,T. R. ; Sweeney,T. R.

Report Date : 07 FEB 1962

Pagination or Media Count : 49

Abstract : In four different tropical environments, heavily infested with wood-destroying organisms, 114 species of scientifically identified woods have been undergoing a screening test for periods up to an 18-month exposure. Many of the woods were selected because of their reputed resistance to biological attack. Results of marine borer resistance studies have revealed 21 woods to be highly resistant to borers in Pacific Ocean water for the first 14 months of exposure. In tropical brackish water only 3 woods studied were highly resistant and very heavy damage was observed on 69 during the 14-month period. Stake tests in tropical jungle soil on both the Atlantic and Pacific Coasts of Panama showed 26 woods to be very durable to both subterranean termites and fungal decay for the first 18 months of exposure. A number of these resistant woods had not been studied previously. From the results of these studies, each wood included has been assigned resistance ratings of high, moderate, or low in respect to marine borer attack in sea water, teredo attack in brackish water, subterranean termites in tropical soil, and fungal decay in contact with jungle soil. Detailed descriptions of wood species which are considered to be of special interest are included. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*WOOD, BIOLOGICAL CONTAMINATION), (*TROPICAL DETERIORATION, WOOD), IDENTIFICATION, SAMPLING, EXPOSURE(PHYSIOLOGY), TEST METHODS, MARINE BORERS, RESISTANCE(BIOLOGY), ISOPTERA, DEGRADATION, TROPICAL TESTS, SEA WATER, SOILS, FUNGUS DETERIORATION

Subject Categories : Biology
      Wood, Paper and Related Forestry Products

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE