Accession Number : AD0655270

Title :   SHELTER ASSIGNMENT CONCEPT: A STUDY IN PUBLIC ACCEPTANCE,

Corporate Author : PITTSBURGH UNIV PA DEPT OF SOCIOLOGY

Personal Author(s) : Nehnevajsa,Jiri

Report Date : APR 1967

Pagination or Media Count : 104

Abstract : The report elaborates responses of 1,497 nationally sampled Americans to an item probing into desirability of providing the nation with assigned sheltering close to home and work by demographic, socio-cultural and selected attitudinal characteristics. The data are drawn from the 1966 field study. In this manner, the perspectives regarding shelter assignment are evaluated by 87 demographic, and 137 attitudinal, subgroups of our population. The findings indicate that the shelter assignment concept is quite acceptable to the nation. Unfavorable expressions occur with low frequencies, and only four of all the subgroups considered actually yield a negative desirability average in relation to the question. Of these subgroups, in fact, three represent respondents who assigned negative desirability values of (-1) or (-2) or (-3) on the overall scale (from +3 to -3) to Civil Defense efforts in general. By and large, and within the overall pattern of favorableness, the attitudinal variables (Cold War, Vietnam and similar factors) differentiate among the respondent subgroups consistently more than do demographic characteristics. In view of the fact that positive assessments actually exceed two-thirds of the respondents and the concept disapproval is not typical of specific segments of our population, it is concluded that something of national consensus prevails with regard to the desirability of shelter assignment. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*FALLOUT SHELTERS, PUBLIC OPINION), CIVIL DEFENSE, ACCEPTABILITY, SOCIOLOGY, ATTITUDES(PSYCHOLOGY), TABLES(DATA)

Subject Categories : Sociology and Law
      Civil Defense

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE