Accession Number : AD0655271

Title :   VOLTAMMETRIC STUDIES OF NON-AQUEOUS SYSTEMS.

Descriptive Note : Semi-annual rept. no. 1, 1 Jul-31 Dec 66,

Corporate Author : TRW SYSTEMS REDONDO BEACH CALIF

Personal Author(s) : Paez,O. ; Seo,E. T. ; Silverman,H. P.

Report Date : APR 1967

Pagination or Media Count : 99

Abstract : Voltammetric studies of the reduction of organic compounds in organic solvents were undertaken as part of a program to develop high-energy density organic electrolyte batteries. Cyclic voltammetry was used as a major diagnostic tool for evaluating organic oxidizing agents as possible high-energy density cathode materials, and to elucidate the mechanisms of a heterogeneous electron transfer and any homogeneous follow-up chemical reactions. The report covers the study of various nitroaromatic compounds, cyclic voltammetric current-potential curves and their interpretation are presented for a number of selected nitroaromatic compounds. The effects of methyl-, halo-, and hydroxy-groups on the electroreduction process were demonstrated. Compounds studied included m- and p-dinitrobenzene, 2,5-dinitrophenol, m-dinitrotoluene, 1-chloro-2,6-dinitrobenzene and nitroalkanes. The addition of lithium ions was shown to have a beneficial effect on organic reductions under selected conditions. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*BATTERY COMPONENTS, ORGANIC MATERIALS), (*ELECTROLYTES, ORGANIC MATERIALS), (*CATHODES(ELECTROLYTIC CELL), ORGANIC MATERIALS), (*ORGANIC NITROGEN COMPOUNDS, ELECTROCHEMISTRY), ORGANIC SOLVENTS, REDUCTION(CHEMISTRY), NITROBENZENES, CARBONATES, ANODES(ELECTROLYTIC CELL), LITHIUM, OXIDIZERS, NITROPHENOLS, TOLUENES, CHLORINE COMPOUNDS, ALCOHOLS, ALKANES, (U)ALKANES

Subject Categories : Physical Chemistry
      Electrochemical Energy Storage

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE