Accession Number : AD0657000

Title :   ELEMENTARY THEORY OF SYNCHRONOUS ARTERIO-ARTERIAL BLOOD PUMPS.

Descriptive Note : Research rept.,

Corporate Author : AVCO EVERETT RESEARCH LAB EVERETT MASS

Personal Author(s) : Jones,Robert T. ; Petschek,Harry E. ; Kantrowitz,Arthur R.

Report Date : JUL 1967

Pagination or Media Count : 17

Abstract : In the technique of arterio-arterial pumping, a volume of fluid is withdrawn from the aorta during systole and reinjected during diastole, thereby reducing the systolic pressure of the heart and adding energy to the systemic circulation. It is found that an upper bound for the effectiveness of such devices is given by the formula (delta Q sub h/Q sub hu) - (delta P sub 1/P sub 1u) = (Q sub b/Q sub hu) ((P sub 1u - P sub 2u)/P sub 1u) where Q sub hu is the stroke output of the unaided heart and delta Q sub h is the increment caused by the pump with a stroke Q sub b. P sub 1u and P sub 2u are the systolic and diastolic pressures (unaided). Delta P sub 1 is normally negative and represents the reduction in ventricular pressure. The division of effort of the pump between the reduction of pressure and the increase of flow depends on the physiological-mechanical impedance of the heart. The total effect is, however, independent of the impedance. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*HEART, *MECHANICAL ORGANS), PUMPS, AORTA, ARTERIES, BLOOD, BLOOD CIRCULATION, BLOOD PRESSURE, MECHANICAL IMPEDANCE

Subject Categories : Anatomy and Physiology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE