Accession Number : AD0657214

Title :   METHYL CELLULOSE NITRATE.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : PICATINNY ARSENAL DOVER N J PROPELLANTS LAB

Personal Author(s) : Bobinski,Jack ; Carignan,Yvon P.

Report Date : AUG 1967

Pagination or Media Count : 39

Abstract : Methyl cellulose nitrate was prepared by nitration of methyl cellulose with 98% nitric acid dissolved in methylene chloride and, in 98% nitric acid without a solvent. With both procedures nitration is apparently complete within fifteen minutes. The heterogeneous nature of the methylation resulted in the non-uniformity of the substitution in the product, methyl cellulose nitrate. However, on the basis of the experimental data, it is postulated that methyl cellulose having a minimum degree of substitution of 1.8 would produce a uniformly substituted methyl cellulose nitrate. Nitration of methyl cellulose with a mixture of nitric and sulfuric acids is also discussed. Results of evaluation of the products for military application are presented. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*METHYL CELLULOSE, NITRATION), (*NITROCELLULOSE, PREPARATION), (*SOLID ROCKET PROPELLANT PLASTICIZERS, MATERIALS), SYNTHESIS(CHEMISTRY), NITRIC ACID, SOLVENTS, POLYMERIZATION, DIFFERENTIAL THERMAL ANALYSIS, DOUBLE BASE ROCKET PROPELLANTS, EXPLOSIVES

Subject Categories : Organic Chemistry
      Ammunition and Explosives
      Solid Rocket Propellants

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE