Accession Number : AD0657455

Title :   FLAMMABILITY PROPERTIES OF HYDROCARBON FUELS. PART 2. THE IMPORTANCE OF VOLATILE COMPONENTS AT LOW CONCENTRATION ON THE FLAMMABILITY OF LIQUID FUELS,

Corporate Author : NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON D C

Personal Author(s) : Affens,Wilbur A.

Report Date : 10 JUL 1967

Pagination or Media Count : 22

Abstract : It was demonstrated by a simplified treatment that vapor pressures of individual constituents play a more important role than concentration on the overall flammability properties of hydrocarbon mixtures. This treatment is based on the application of Raoult's and Dalton's laws governing vapor pressure and composition above a solution of two or more liquid hydrocarbons to Le Chatelier's rule governing the flammability of vapor mixtures. The most important conclusion demonstrated by the derived equations is that a very small amount of highly volatile contaminant in a relatively nonflammable fuel may make it flammable. The amounts needed can be predicted from the equations and the properties of the components. Although precise relationships have been derived only for relatively simple solutions of pure hydrocarbons, the concepts they imply are applicable to more complex mixtures such as jet and diesel fuels. The flammability properties included in this study are lower and upper flammability limits, flash points, and flammability indices of liquid solutions. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*HYDROCARBONS, FLAMMABILITY), (*JET ENGINE FUELS, FLAMMABILITY), (*FUEL OIL, FLAMMABILITY), VAPORS, CONCENTRATION(CHEMISTRY), VAPOR PRESSURE, ALKANES

Subject Categories : Safety Engineering
      Fuels

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE