Accession Number : AD0657943

Title :   RATE OF SPEAKING: I. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ORIGINAL AND REPEATED PHRASES,

Corporate Author : KENYON COLL GAMBIER OHIO

Personal Author(s) : Lightfoot,Charles

Report Date : 10 MAY 1948

Pagination or Media Count : 26

Abstract : Three related experiments were designed to discover what relationship might obtain between the rate of saying a phrase (stimulus) and rate of repeating that phrase (response) under three conditions: (1) when several groups of phrases are originated by a single speaker who uses a different rate for each group; (2) when a number of phrases are originated by a single speaker who varied his rate from phrase to phrase; (3) when each of several groups of phrases is originated by a different speaker who speaks at his usual rate. Phonograph recordings of five-syllable phrases representing the various experimental conditions and stimulus rates were played to 25 subjects who had been instructed to repeat into a microphone each phrase, taking care to talk naturally. The repetitions were carried to a graphic power level recorder which furnished an accurate means of measuring the duration of each response. Mean response duration for each stimulus rate and for each condition was determined. On the basis of Fisherian analysis of the data, the following conclusions seem to be indicated for the population sampled: (1) there is a positive relationship between duration of original and repeated phrases under all three conditions. (2)The relationship is not rectilinear when stimuli include phrases presented at a very slow rate. (3) The same sort of relationship does not prevail for all three conditions whether stimulus rates are within the range commonly found among speakers or whether extremely slow rates are used. (4) Response rate is also influenced by factors other than stimulus rate. (Authro)

Descriptors :   (*SPEECH, INTELLIGIBILITY), STIMULATION(PHYSIOLOGY), RESPONSE, SPEECH TRANSMISSION, SPEECH RECOGNITION, PSYCHOACOUSTICS

Subject Categories : Psychology
      Voice Communications

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE