Accession Number : AD0659315

Title :   ALUMINUM AS A HIGH-TEMPERATURE HEAT-TRANSFER AGENT,

Corporate Author : FOREIGN TECHNOLOGY DIV WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OHIO

Personal Author(s) : Filimonov,S. S. ; Kryukova,M. G. ; Teplov,S. V.

Report Date : 18 AUG 1967

Pagination or Media Count : 32

Abstract : The work considers increasing power plant economy and reducing heat-exchanger size through the use of aluminum as the heat-transfer agent. The physical characteristics of aluminum are given and discussed. The advantages of impurities of certain metals in aluminum, the reactions of aluminum at high temperatures (720-1200 C), and the disadvantages of high chemical activity, are discussed and compared with the thermophysical properties of the alkali metals. The use of graphite as the structural material to be in contact with liquid aluminum is proposed for direct thermal-to-electric energy conversion and in atomic reactors. An experimental installation developed at the G. M. Krzhizhanovskiy Power Engineering Institute is described and evaluated. The thermophysical characteristics of A1 and using graphites as the structural material permit considering aluminum a prospective heat-transfer agent for application in solving a number of problems. The difficulties in the way of practical use of aluminum as a heat-transfer agent can be successfully surmounted. Heat exchange during motion of liquid aluminum in pipes can be calculated by equations that are correct for calculation of heat exchange of other liquid-metal heat-transfer agents. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*ALUMINUM, HEAT TRANSFER), (*HEAT EXCHANGERS, ALUMINUM), USSR, LIQUID METALS, ALUMINUM ALLOYS, GRAPHITE, ENERGY CONVERSION, ELECTRIC POWER PRODUCTION, NUCLEAR REACTORS, LIQUID METAL COOLED REACTORS

Subject Categories : Metallurgy and Metallography
      Air Condition, Heating, Lighting & Ventilating
      Nuclear Fission Reactors(power)
      Thermodynamics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE