Accession Number : AD0660593

Title :   INDIVIDUAL PERFORMANCE AND SELF-EVALUATION AS A FUNCTION OF LEVEL TEAM OUTPUT.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : OHIO STATE UNIV RESEARCH FOUNDATION COLUMBUS

Personal Author(s) : Johnston,William A. ; Howell,William C.

Report Date : SEP 1967

Pagination or Media Count : 14

Abstract : Four experiments were conducted to disclose the effect of team output on individual behavior. Level of team output was simulated by telling each subject that he had a partner and that posttrial feedback indicated their team score relative to average tracking performance. Actually, feedback indicated the subject's own tracking score relative to a criterion, the stringency of which was manipulated to generate the desired levels of simulated team feedback (poor, average, and good). The subjects accepted the credit for the good team scores produced by a lenient criterion but blamed their contrived partners for the poor team scores wrought by a stringent criterion. Individual performance tended to be directly related to simulated team output when task difficulty was low, but inversely related when task difficulty was high. These performance effects were highly transitory, however, and occurred only under limited conditions. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*GROUP DYNAMICS, PERFORMANCE(HUMAN)), ATTITUDES(PSYCHOLOGY), MOTIVATION, BEHAVIOR, SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, FEEDBACK, APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY

Subject Categories : Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE