Accession Number : AD0662196

Title :   SELF-DIFFUSION IN ICE MONOCRYSTALS.

Descriptive Note : Research rept.,

Corporate Author : COLD REGIONS RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING LAB HANOVER N H

Personal Author(s) : Ramseier,Rene O.

Report Date : OCT 1967

Pagination or Media Count : 48

Abstract : The self-diffusion of tritium, parallel and perpendicular to the optical axis of naturally occurring and artificially grown ice monocrystals, was studied between -2.5 and -35.9C. The artificial ice monocrystals were grown using a zone-melting technique. Activated samples were stored for several weeks, then sectioned by microtome and analyzed in a liquid scintillation counter to obtain the self-diffusion coefficients. The plane source solution of Fick's second law was used in treating the data. The diffusion coefficients were found to be identical for both types of ice. A slight anisotropy was found due to the geometry of the crystal; however, the activation energy was found to be 0.62 eV for all cases. Based on the experimental data, it is concluded that the diffusion takes place by a vacancy mechanism and that entire H2O molecules are diffusing, i.e., molecular diffusion occurs. Theoretical calculations using the atomic diffusion theory and Zener's theory for the initial diffusion coefficient are in excellent agreement with the experimentally determined diffusion coefficient. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*ICE, CRYSTAL STRUCTURE), MOLECULAR STRUCTURE, SYMMETRY(CRYSTALLOGRAPHY), CRYSTAL GROWTH, DIFFUSION, THERMAL PROPERTIES, ANISOTROPY, TRITIUM, THEORY

Subject Categories : Snow, Ice and Permafrost
      Crystallography

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE