Accession Number : AD0662336

Title :   EARLY SYNTACTIC ACQUISITION,

Corporate Author : RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CALIF

Personal Author(s) : Kelley,K. L.

Report Date : NOV 1967

Pagination or Media Count : 203

Abstract : The memorandum is concerned with accounting for the earliest acquisition of syntactic structure, a stage which is taken to be pretransformational. A formal model of the mechanism for acquisition is presented, the model being stated as a computer program which is executed. To the extent to which the model is consistent with what is known about syntactic acquisition it serves as a hypothetical explanation of that process. The principal assertions of the model are that syntactic acquisition proceeds by the testing of hypotheses about the language, these hypotheses reflecting the initial structure of the acquisition mechanism as well as the language data to which the child is exposed. It is further argued that semantics is crucial in acquisition as it provides for the confirmation or disconfirmation of grammatical hypotheses as well as comprising part of the initial structure available to the child. And finally, on this active view of language acquisition, it is maintained that sentences are used as data by the acquisition mechanism only when they are to some degree understood. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*SYNTAX, *LEARNING), CHILDREN, LANGUAGE

Subject Categories : Linguistics
      Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE