Accession Number : AD0663549

Title :   GEOGRAPHIC ORIENTATION IN AIRCRAFT PILOTS: A SIMULATOR TEST OF A TEAM METHOD OF REPORTING TARGET LOCATIONS.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : HUMAN FACTORS RESEARCH INC GOLETA CALIF

Personal Author(s) : McGrath,James J. ; Earl,William K. ; Osterhoff,William E.

Report Date : OCT 1967

Pagination or Media Count : 36

Abstract : In low-altitude air reconnaissance, the pilot must acquire targets, describe and identify them, and report their locations. This experiment was conducted to determine whether the last job, reporting target locations, could be performed by someone other than the pilot. A simulator study was conducted in which the accuracy of target-location reports by single pilots was compared with the accuracy of reports made by plotters who were tracking the progress of the aircraft by means of voice reports from the pilot. The results showed that pilot/plotter teams could report target locations as accurately as single pilots. Pilots on the teams spent much less time looking at their charts than pilots working alone, however, the former had to spend a large portion of their time talking and listening to the plotter. It was concluded that plotters in voice communication with pilots could track an aircraft's progress and give real-time reports of target locations. The procedure gains head-up time for the pilot, but increases the pilot's communication burden. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*PILOTS, PERFORMANCE(ENGINEERING)), (*FLIGHT SIMULATORS, *TARGET ACQUISITION), ACCURACY, LOW ALTITUDE, AERIAL RECONNAISSANCE, GROUP DYNAMICS, VOICE COMMUNICATIONS, SURFACE TARGETS, TACTICAL AIR SUPPORT

Subject Categories : Psychology
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE