Accession Number : AD0663811

Title :   SOCIAL AND BEHAVIORAL FACTORS IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF LOCAL SURVIVAL AND RECOVERY ACTIVITIES.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : HUMAN SCIENCES RESEARCH INC MCLEAN VA

Personal Author(s) : Chenault,William W. ; Engler,Richard E. ; Nordlie,Peter G.

Report Date : AUG 1967

Pagination or Media Count : 103

Abstract : The recovery of a nationally interdependent economy will require certain locally performed recovery activities, whereas survivors will tend to define as most important other activities that they perceive to be most important for meeting needs defined in narrower, community contexts. Especially significant for planning purposes are the different perspectives of survivors in communities experiencing heavy direct effects of nuclear weapons, in adjacent communities experiencing lighter direct effects, and in peripheral communities experiencing negligible direct effects. Implementation policies designed to motivate participation in nationally oriented recovery activities must take account of the motivational and organizational factors operating in different local contexts. Economic planning must take account of social factors if recovery plans are in fact to be implemented. The appropriate approach to such planning is therefore a socioeconomic approach, and research to date indicates five orientations that should guide such planning: (1) The necessity of meeting the maintenance requirements of survivors, (2) the use of the family and community as building blocks for postattack socioeconomic planning, (3) emphasis on the priority of lightly damaged or undamaged areas in postattack planning for massive disaster, (4) the clear-cut allocation of recovery functions among different levels of authority, (5) the necessity of specifying the total set of recovery management goals and using these as criteria against which to evaluate planning efforts. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*NUCLEAR WARFARE, RECOVERY), CIVIL DEFENSE, URBAN AREAS, SOCIOLOGY, SURVIVAL(PERSONNEL), MAINTENANCE, ECONOMICS, LEADERSHIP, BEHAVIOR, DISASTERS, MOTIVATION, ORGANIZATIONS, SURVIVAL(PERSONNEL), ADJUSTMENT(PSYCHOLOGY)

Subject Categories : Sociology and Law
      Civil Defense
      Nuclear Warfare

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE