Accession Number : AD0666686

Title :   TRANSFORMATIONAL PROCESSES AND REMEMBERING.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : LOUISVILLE UNIV KY

Personal Author(s) : Robinson,John A.

Report Date : 01 FEB 1968

Pagination or Media Count : 10

Abstract : Two types of problems were investigated: (1) The role of encoding and decoding rule learning and rule interference in what is, ostensibly, a nonsense--anagram list learning experiment; (2) the nature and role of organizational processes in multitrial free recall. The materials used in these experiments were codeable trigrams (e.g. RJA; JAR) and categorizeable words (e.g. flute, trumpet; week, day, etc.). The results of seven experiments on coding produced the following conclusions: (1) Subjects do learn and use both encoding and decoding rules. (2) Intralist encoding or decoding rule interference is a significant determinant of performance. (3) Sufficient structure can be built into these anagram materials to completely offset what have been assumed to be the detrimental effects of coding. The results of the experiments in free recall document the occurrence of intercategory organization (CO) as well as the more familiar intracategory organization. Using techniques from graph theory it was possible to show that the degree of CO observed is greater than chance, and that CO is highly correlated with category recall. One theoretical conclusion of special interest was that hierarchical models of retrieval are inadequate as an explanation of these data. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*RECALL, PERFORMANCE(HUMAN)), VERBAL BEHAVIOR, LEARNING, CODING, TRANSFORMATIONS

Subject Categories : Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE