Accession Number : AD0666768

Title :   BEHAVIOR OF CIRCULAR TUBES BURIED IN SAND UNDER DYNAMIC LOADING.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MISS

Personal Author(s) : Leskys,Algirdas G. ; Albritton,Gayle E.

Report Date : FEB 1968

Pagination or Media Count : 70

Abstract : The general objective of this investigation was to study experimentally the behavior to failure of flexible, horizontally oriented circular tubes buried at various depths in dense, dry sand and subjected to dynamic surface overpressures. Dynamic tests were conducted on ten brass tubes in the Small Blast Load Generator. The tubes had a wall thickness of 0.005 inch, an outside diameter of 4 inches, and a specially isolated 5.75-inch-long test section. The tubes were flexible and had a stiffness EI/R3 of 0.018 psi. To examine the effect of depth of burial, tests were conducted in dense, dry sand at depths ranging from 1 to 16 inches, or four tube diameters above the crown. The dynamic tests were conducted at overpressures ranging from 6.2 to 34.9 psi. Measurements were made of the applied overpressure, and the tube deflection was recorded by means of a high-speed camera linked to the pressure-time base. Results indicate that collapse of the tubes was initiated by a buckle that occurred along a longitudinal seam where the tubes were spliced. The dynamic collapse overpressure increased greatly with increased depth of burial down to a depth of one tube diameter; subsequently, the increase in collapse overpressure with increase of burial depth to four tube diameters was insignificant. The dynamic collapse overpressure was approximately the same as the static collapse overpressure as determined from correlation with previously reported results. The results of this investigation have verified the applicability of an equation for predicting the dynamic collapse overpressure of very flexible tubes. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*UNDERGROUND STRUCTURES, *LOADS(FORCES)), BRASS, CYLINDRICAL BODIES, SAND, PRESSURE, STRESSES, BLAST, DEFLECTION, BUCKLING, CORRELATION TECHNIQUES, TEST METHODS, FUNCTIONS(MATHEMATICS), MATHEMATICAL PREDICTION, FLEXIBLE STRUCTURES, STRUCTURAL PROPERTIES

Subject Categories : Structural Engineering and Building Technology
      Mechanics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE