Accession Number : AD0668098

Title :   INFLUENCE OF UV RADIATION AND VACUUM ON STRENGTH AND DESTRUCTION OF POLYMER FILMS,

Corporate Author : FOREIGN TECHNOLOGY DIV WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OHIO

Personal Author(s) : Polyakov,L. M.

Report Date : 18 AUG 1967

Pagination or Media Count : 17

Abstract : The effect of UV radiation on the mechanical properties of poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PETP) films was studied. The changes were noted in tensile strength and deformation, and the formation of defects, i.e., cracking. The samples used were strips of PETP film, 6 mm wide, 20 mm long and 10 microns thick. The irradiated samples were subjected to tensile strength tests on a special machine. It was found that open cracks developed on the irradiated side of the samples if the irradiation took place in air. Vacuum-irradiated samples developed cracks only on deformation during the tensile test. A weakening of molecular bonds during the irradiation was assumed. Cracking began at definite stresses and deformation which decreased with an increase in the radiation dose. The tensile strength and plasticity of the irradiated films decrease with an increase in the duration of irradiation. The air-irradiated samples display a higher loss in tensile strength than the vacuum-irradiated samples, which suffer a higher loss in plasticity. Vacuum-irradiated samples form no visible defects on the surface: their surface remains smooth even after rupture of the sample. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*POLYESTER PLASTICS, DEGRADATION), ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION, VACUUM, FILMS, POLYMERS, DEFORMATION, CRACKS, CHEMICAL BONDS, TENSILE PROPERTIES, PLASTIC PROPERTIES, STABILITY, USSR

Subject Categories : Plastics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE