Accession Number : AD0668688

Title :   THE EQUILIBRIUM ASSUMPTION IN THE THEORY OF ABSOLUTE REACTION RATES,

Corporate Author : WISCONSIN UNIV MADISON THEORETICAL CHEMISTRY INST

Personal Author(s) : Curtiss,Charles F.

Report Date : 08 JUN 1948

Pagination or Media Count : 77

Abstract : The assumption that systems in the activated state are in equilibrium with the reactant molecules has been open to equestion. In this paper, the methods of classical mechanics are used to obtain an expression for the rate constant without making this assumption. The result is similar in form to that obtained by Eyring except that the average velocity of the points in configuration space is related directly to the distribution in velocities of the molecules of the gas in real space. If one assumes that this distribution is Maxwellian one obtains the Eyring expression. However, the chemical reaction itself acts as a perturbing influence and causes the distribution in velocities to be somewhat different from Maxwellian. It is this perturbation of the distribution function which leads to a different value of the rate constant and consequently to a measure of the effect of the equilibrium assumption. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*REACTION KINETICS, THEORY), CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM, STATISTICAL MECHANICS, DISTRIBUTION FUNCTIONS, KINETIC THEORY, PERTURBATION THEORY, HEAT OF ACTIVATION, INTERACTIONS, INTEGRALS

Subject Categories : Physical Chemistry

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE