Accession Number : AD0669269

Title :   PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL FEATURES OF FLIGHT OVER WATER (PSIKHOFIZIOLOGICHESKIE OSOBENNOSTI POLETA NAD MOREM),

Corporate Author : FOREIGN TECHNOLOGY DIV WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OHIO

Personal Author(s) : Dolinskii,I. D.

Report Date : 22 SEP 1967

Pagination or Media Count : 13

Abstract : The difficulties associated with long flights over the sea stem from the lack of visual orientation and from the extreme meteorological conditions encountered. Since the interaction of physiological and psychological factors, not yet fully understood, may result in illusions, flight must be conducted by instruments. Instrument flying requires experience before pilots gain confidence in the instrument indications and accept them in lieu of erroneous sensations. Trained pilots can scan the instruments, correlate the readings to detect malfunctions, and analyze data. Standardization of the instrument panel facilitates training, and automation of the instrumentation simplifies the technique. In one automation system the images of the instruments are projected on the front cabin window, enabling the pilot to maintain visual contact with his environment while surveying the instruments. It has been noted that certain physical activities during flight reduce the illusion effect and that physically fit crews are less susceptible to illusions. For this reason a well planned and executed program of athletics and sports would be instituted for all air crews. The added danger of flying over water gives rise to fears which can aggravate the illusion effect. This fear can best be overcome by intensive rescue training, which gives the crews confidence in their own survival ability, in the rescue equipment, and in the search and rescue procedure. Since crews are scattered over wide areas when bailing out of fast, high flying planes, the rescue training must emphasize the individual's battle with the elements. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*FLIGHT CREWS, TRAINING), (*INSTRUMENT FLIGHT, *STRESS(PSYCHOLOGY)), OCEANS, REACTION(PSYCHOLOGY), RESPONSE(BIOLOGY), ATTENTION, STABILITY, PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY, VISION, PHYSICAL FITNESS, RECREATION, SEA RESCUES, AIRCRAFT LANDINGS

Subject Categories : Humanities and History

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE