Accession Number : AD0670017

Title :   A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF COMMUNITY POWER STRUCTURES: A DELINEATION AND COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF POWER STRUCTURES IN FIVE IOWA COMMUNITIES.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : IOWA STATE UNIV AMES DEPT OF SOCIOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY

Personal Author(s) : Bohlen,Joe M. ; Beal,George M. ; Klonglan,Gerald E. ; Tait,John L.

Report Date : AUG 1967

Pagination or Media Count : 68

Abstract : The local community is conceptualized as a social system. One of the elements of the social system is social power. A social power model is defined which may be used by local civil defense change agents for analyzing social power in their communities. The major concepts of the social power model are social power, authority, influence, power structure, and power actors. The community members who have social power and affect the community decision-making process are designated as power actors. The interrelationships of the major concepts are stated as general hypotheses. The social power model was operationalized in five Iowa communities. The community power actors in each community were interviewed. The community actors perceived that social power existed in the community. The community power actors exercised social power to affect the outcomes of community issue areas. They were found to have similar personal and social characteristics. The power actors had a structure in their interpersonal relations. The power structures tended to vary by issue area to a greater extent as the size of the community increased. In the smaller communities, the top power actors tended to be holding positions of authority, while the top power actors in the larger communities tended to not be in positions of authority at the present time. The power actors perceived some sources of power to be more relevant than other sources of power toward giving a person social power to affect community affairs. The power actors perceived that there was an expected set of role performances to be fulfilled prior to becoming a community power actor. Implications for civil defense officials based on the findings are presented. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*SOCIOLOGY, *CIVIL DEFENSE), LEADERSHIP, SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, SOCIOMETRICS, ATTITUDES(PSYCHOLOGY), DECISION MAKING, PERCEPTION(PSYCHOLOGY), CIVIL DEFENSE, CIVILIAN PERSONNEL, POWER, STATISTICAL ANALYSIS, IOWA

Subject Categories : Sociology and Law
      Civil Defense

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE