Accession Number : AD0671842

Title :   STUDY OF TRAINING EQUIPMENT AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES. THE EFFECTS OF SUBJECT MATTER VARIABLES.

Descriptive Note : Final technical rept. 7 Apr 67-6 Apr 68,

Corporate Author : AMERICAN INSTITUTES FOR RESEARCH IN THE BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES PALO ALTO CALIF

Personal Author(s) : Tallmadge,G. Kasten ; Shearer,James W. ; Greenberg,Anne M.

Report Date : MAY 1968

Pagination or Media Count : 70

Abstract : Two separate subject matter areas were selected for investigation which were felt to represent two distinct types of learning situations. The first subject was a kind of logico-mathematical procedure -- the Transportation Technique. The second subject was a visual form discrimination task -- Aircraft Recognition. Two separate courses were developed for each subject matter area. One reflected an inductive instructional approach and the other a deductive method. Each of the four courses was administered to between 55 and 60 Navy enlisted men. Twenty-eight measures of aptitudes, interests, and personality variables were obtained on each subject. Based on correlation coefficients computed between individual difference measures and examination scores, an unweighted means analysis of variance model was employed to assess the effects of instructional methods, subject matter areas, and interest levels. The most important finding produced by this analysis was the significant (p<.001) second order interaction among all three independent variables. The results of this study strongly supported the existence of learning styles and suggest that multi-track instruction based on learning styles might be a cost-effective way of enhancing learning. Those individual difference measures which interacted with instructional methods and subject matters were all non-cognitive in nature. It would be expected, therefore, that learning styles too might be independent of specific aptitude or ability traits. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*TEACHING METHODS, EFFECTIVENESS), (*LEARNING, PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS), PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), APTITUDE TESTS, PROGRAMMED INSTRUCTION, EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN, ANXIETY, REASONING, CORRELATION TECHNIQUES, ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE, PROBLEM SOLVING, TRAINING FILMS, DECISION MAKING, PERSONALITY TESTS, MOTIVATION, NAVAL PERSONNEL, REVIEWS

Subject Categories : Humanities and History
      Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE