Accession Number : AD0672839

Title :   MORPHOLOGY AND GROWTH OF EXTENDED CHAIN CRYSTALS OF POLYETHYLENE.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : RENSSELAER POLYTECHNIC INST TROY N Y DEPT OF CHEMISTRY

Personal Author(s) : Wunderlich,Bernhard ; Melillo,Louis

Report Date : JUL 1968

Pagination or Media Count : 30

Abstract : The morphology and growth of extended chain crystals of polyethylene is discussed on the basis of optical and electron microscopy. The spherulitic habit is shown to be caused by nucleation of new lamellae on the (001) surface of lamellae, branching of lamellae on their growth face, and thickening of lamellae. Spherulite centers have been identified down to the primary lamella. Analysis of intersections of lamellae during crystallization allowed the identification of intermediate stages of crystal growth. Fracture surfaces parallel to the growth face and the (001) face are discussed. 'Ripple decoration' by surface recrystallization is developed as a tool for fracture surface study. Kink bands are described as growth defects. Bending of lamellae is shown to go by slip parallel to the polymer chains. Ripple and drawn out fiber annealing is analyzed. All observations on extended chain crystals are used to propose a mechanism of extended chain crystal growth of polyethylene under elevated pressure. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*POLYETHYLENE PLASTICS, CRYSTALLIZATION), CRYSTAL STRUCTURE, MICROSTRUCTURE, CRYSTAL GROWTH, ELECTRON MICROSCOPY, NUCLEATION, ANNEALING

Subject Categories : Plastics
      Crystallography

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE