Accession Number : AD0673851

Title :   PRINCIPAL COMPONENTS ANALYSIS OF MODELS AND MEN.

Descriptive Note : Doctoral thesis,

Corporate Author : EDUCATIONAL TESTING SERVICE PRINCETON N J

Personal Author(s) : Wainer,Howard

Report Date : JUL 1968

Pagination or Media Count : 111

Abstract : One consequence of stimulus sampling theory is the prediction of probability matching as the asymptotic response probability. That is, subjects tend to choose each alternative with the frequency of its reinforcement. This prediction has been tested in many experiments and the boundaries within which it holds have been delineated. However, the experiments which find probability matching have been criticized for doing one or more of several inappropriate things. It should be noted that probability matching is not a 'rational' solution, in the sense that the behavior which maximizes gain would be always to choose the more frequently reinforced response. Some investigators have found it possible to devise experimental situations in which the subjects do come closer to maximizing behavior. This study attempts to differentiate the conditions which lead to 'matching' behavior from those which lead to 'maximizing' and to develop a mathematical model for this behavior. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), MATHEMATICAL MODELS), PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS, BEHAVIOR, DECISION MAKING, MOTIVATION, DATA STORAGE SYSTEMS, PROBABILITY, RESPONSE(BIOLOGY), MANPOWER, STATISTICAL ANALYSIS, TABLES(DATA), COMPUTER PROGRAMMING, DATA PROCESSING, TEST METHODS, TEST EQUIPMENT

Subject Categories : Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE