Accession Number : AD0674803

Title :   THE EFFECT OF HYPERBARIC OXYGEN ON THE GABA SHUNT PATHWAY IN BRAIN HOMOGENATES,

Corporate Author : DEFENCE RESEARCH ESTABLISHMENT TORONTO DOWNSVIEW (ONTARIO)

Personal Author(s) : Myles,W. S. ; Wood,J. D.

Report Date : 23 MAR 1968

Pagination or Media Count : 4

Abstract : The effect of oxygen at high pressure (OHP) on the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) shunt pathway in rat brain homogenates was studied by measuring the formation of labelled succinate from GABA-4-14C in the presence of malonate. Under in vitro conditions, OHP inhibited the GABA shunt by 28% and 22%, with and without the addition of supplementary amounts of GABA and alpha-ketoglutarate to the incubation media respectively. A small inhibition (10%) was also observed with oxygen at ambient pressure. In further studies, rats were exposed to OHP, and the activity of the GABA shunt in the brains was subsequently measured by the in vitro method. Preexposure of the intact animals, with or without accompanying convulsions, did not affect the metabolism of GABA to succinate. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*OXYGEN, TOXICITY), BRAIN, PRESSURE BREATHING, LABELED SUBSTANCES, IN VITRO ANALYSIS, INHIBITION, BAROMETRIC PRESSURE, CONVULSIVE DISORDERS, METABOLISM, AMINO ACIDS, SUCCINATES, CANADA

Subject Categories : Biochemistry
      Toxicology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE