Accession Number : AD0676284

Title :   TOWARD UNDERSTANDING THE ROLE OF TASKS IN BEHAVIORAL RESEARCH,

Corporate Author : YALE UNIV NEW HAVEN CONN DEPT OF ADMINISTRATIVE SCIENCES

Personal Author(s) : Hackman,J. Richard

Report Date : AUG 1968

Pagination or Media Count : 59

Abstract : This paper attempts to lay the ground work for furthering our understanding of the differences among tasks and the ways in which tasks influence behavior. Three general 'problem areas' are reviewed and evaluated in the paper: (a) problems in defining the concept 'task'--i.e., what are the components and characteristics of an adequate task definition; (b) problems relevant to the description of tasks--i.e., what are the most useful and appropriate bases for making task descriptions and comparisons; and (c) problems relevant to understanding task effects--i.e., how do task factors make differences in the ways people think and act. After evaluating several issues relevant to the problems of task definition and description, one working definition of the concept is proposed, and one general approach to task description is suggested as likely to be most useful in understanding the behavioral impact of tasks. Finally, a framework proposed which outlines the diversity of effects which may be attributable to task factors in a performance situation, and suggests how these effects may be conceptualized and related. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*JOB ANALYSIS, PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS), (*BEHAVIOR, CORRELATION TECHNIQUES), SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH, PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), FEASIBILITY STUDIES, STANDARDS, TEST CONSTRUCTION(PSYCHOLOGY), RELIABILITY, STRESS(PSYCHOLOGY)

Subject Categories : Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE