Accession Number : AD0677737

Title :   CHEMICAL COMPUTERS.

Descriptive Note : Research note,

Corporate Author : CONVAIR SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH LAB SAN DIEGO CALIF

Personal Author(s) : Myers,Orlo E.

Report Date : MAY 1961

Pagination or Media Count : 17

Abstract : The high speed electronic computers of today, while they vastly outperform man's own ability to manipulate numbers, have no intellectual capability in the biological sense. Self-organizing programs for such computers and electronic 'brain-models', such as Pandemonium, PAPA, and Perceptron, have been the first awkward beginnings toward the realization of an ancient goal of man: to build a thinking machine. The organization of biological thinking devices is highly statistical in nature, and the very number of necessary connections militates against the use of wires and macroscopic electronic components in their simulation. Chemical analogs of electronic components of artificial neurons are demonstrated, which might be self-connecting and microscopic in size. It is shown that their speed of response, seriously inferior to their electronic counterparts, can be turned to advantage for the task of perception. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*CYBERNETICS, PERCEPTION), (*BIOCHEMISTRY, CYBERNETICS), (*LEARNING MACHINES, BIOCHEMISTRY), NERVE CELLS, EYE, BRAIN, ACETYLCHOLINE, COMPUTERS, CIRCUIT INTERCONNECTIONS, TRANSFORMATIONS, PATTERN RECOGNITION, NERVOUS SYSTEM, PHYSIOLOGY

Subject Categories : Bionics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE