Accession Number : AD0678535

Title :   THE FUNCTIONING OF EXPANDING ORGANIZATIONS IN COMMUNITY DISASTERS,

Corporate Author : OHIO STATE UNIV COLUMBUS DISASTER RESEARCH CENTER

Personal Author(s) : Dynes,Russell R.

Report Date : SEP 1968

Pagination or Media Count : 89

Abstract : Expanding organizations refer to those which have latent disaster responsibilities but must develop a new group structure to achieve them. Case studies are presented of three kinds of expanding organizations -- Red Cross, The Salvation Army and local civil defense. It is suggested, in disaster operations, that such organizations (1) are weakly institutionalized in the community, (2) generally have extra-community ties, (3) have general and thus vague disaster tasks, (4) change their major functions, (5) radically change their structure, (6) have minimal experience as a work group, (7) have vague boundaries and (8) are often caught between two conflicting reference groups. Such organizations have difficult problems of adaptation. They find it difficult to control demands and to effectively utilize volunteers. Expansion itself creates a number of operational problems without adequate opportunity to institutionalize such changes. In particular, interorganizational relationships are affected and organizational legitimacy becomes problematic. On the other hand, the utility of expanding organizations in disaster operations is its flexible form, designed to cope with increased community demands. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*DISASTERS, URBAN AREAS), (*URBAN PLANNING, ORGANIZATIONS), SOCIOMETRICS, IMPACT, CIVIL DEFENSE, RESCUES, CASUALTIES, MORALE, CONTROL SYSTEMS, NUCLEAR WARFARE

Subject Categories : Civil Engineering

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE