Accession Number : AD0680742

Title :   THE PROSODIC COMPONENT: LACUNA IN TRANSFORMATIONAL THEORY,

Corporate Author : RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CALIF

Personal Author(s) : Vanderslice,Ralph

Report Date : 25 NOV 1968

Pagination or Media Count : 60

Abstract : Two contradictory tendencies have characterized the treatment within the framework of transformational theory of the prosodic features of English. On the one hand much prosodic variation has been excluded from the linguist's immediate purview as being 'abnormal' or lacking in general systematic importance. This has been the fate of contrastive 'stress shift' and intonation for example. On the other hand a rather exaggerated role has been assigned to the melange of prosodic manifestations subsumed under the term stress -- in the analysis of which the transformationalists have taken over virtually intact the 'prosodic souse' of Trager and Smith (1951). This paper presents examples of consequences resulting from each of these vagaries, pointing out some significant regularities which have been ignored in result of the first and some imaginary distinctions which have been postulated in connection with the second. An alternative model is sketched which accounts for the grammatically relevant prosodic features of English in a way which is at once both simpler and more explanatory than the celebrated 'stress cycle' at the level beyond the word. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*TRANSFORMATIONAL GRAMMARS, PHONETICS), (*PHONETICS, ENGLISH LANGUAGE), SEMANTICS, SYNTAX

Subject Categories : Linguistics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE