Accession Number : AD0682740

Title :   ANODIC POLARIZATION OF TITANIUM AND ITS ALLOYS IN HYDROCHLORIC ACID.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : ARMY MATERIALS AND MECHANICS RESEARCH CENTER WATERTOWN MASS

Personal Author(s) : Levy,Milton ; Sklover,Gilbert N.

Report Date : NOV 1968

Pagination or Media Count : 15

Abstract : Commercially pure titanium and the alloys studied exhibited active to passive transitions in HCl. Increasing the acid concentration increased the critical current for passivity and shifted the critical potential for passivity in the noble direction. Increasing the temperature served only to increase the critical current for passivity. Activation energies for the anodic polarization process were the right order of magnitude for a reaction controlled by reactivity at the metal surface. For the alpha-beta alloy 6Al-6V-2Sn the critical current for passivity increased as the ratio of amounts of beta-to-alpha phase decreased with increasing strength level. The addition of Fe(3+) and Cu(2+) (0.03 M) to the HCl facilitated passivation of the metal and its alloys. The maximum dissolution current densities for the metal and alloys in HCl were double those in H2SO4. Pitting of several of the alloys occurred in HCl but not in H2SO4. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*TITANIUM ALLOYS, *ELECTROCHEMISTRY), (*TITANIUM, ELECTROCHEMISTRY), (*CORROSION INHIBITION, TITANIUM ALLOYS), POLARIZATION, PASSIVE SYSTEMS, ANODES(ELECTROLYTIC CELL), ALUMINUM ALLOYS, VANADIUM ALLOYS, TIN ALLOYS, HYDROCHLORIC ACID, SULFURIC ACID, COPPER COMPOUNDS, IRON COMPOUNDS, MECHANICAL PROPERTIES

Subject Categories : Physical Chemistry
      Properties of Metals and Alloys

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE