Accession Number : AD0684943

Title :   CHROMIUM COMPLEXES OF INSULIN AND RELATED COMPOUNDS.

Descriptive Note : Annual progress rept.,

Corporate Author : MARYLAND UNIV COLLEGE PARK DEPT OF CHEMISTRY

Personal Author(s) : Rollinson,Carl L. ; Rosenbloom,Eleanor W.

Report Date : FEB 1969

Pagination or Media Count : 34

Abstract : In performing its biological role of enhancing the action of insulin, Cr(III) presumably is in the form of some specific compound formed by a sequence of reactions with various ligands of the biological system. The relative tendencies of such ligands to coordinate with Cr(III) can be determined by 'sequential dialysis', which measures their relative abilities to complete with OH(-) ion and other substances that can convert Cr(III) to non-diffusible polymeric compounds. Dialysis curves of reaction mixtures (at physiological pH) are obtained at intervals. As the reaction mixture ages the change in area under the curve (% dialysis equilibrium attained vs. time) is a sensitive indicator of occurrence of reactions resulting in increased molecular size and consequent decrease in rate of diffusion of the Cr(III) compounds. It has previously been shown that pyrophosphate, triphosphate and citrate are exceptionally effective. Most of the compounds of the Krebs cycle, several compounds of the glycolytic chain, and various other biological compounds have now been evaluated. The results of many experiments point to the very significant conclusion that the most effective biological compounds are the phosphate esters; these apparently are far more likely to coordinate with Cr(III) than other biological coordinating and chelating agents such as the amino acids, for example. Thiamine pyrophosphate, ATP and ADP are about as effective as inorganic pyrophosphate and triphosphate. Fructose-1,6-diphosphate and 3-phosphoglycerate are also exceptionally effective; except for these two, (which can chelate), the derivatives of monophosphoric acid tested were ineffective. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*INSULIN, *COMPLEX COMPOUNDS), (*CHROMIUM COMPOUNDS, INSULIN), DIALYSIS, PHOSPHATES, CITRATES, GLYCOLYSIS, CHEMICAL REACTIONS, ESTERS

Subject Categories : Biochemistry

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE