Accession Number : AD0685641

Title :   SOCIAL REINFORCEMENT, PERSONALITY AND LEARNING PERFORMANCE IN CROSS-CULTURAL PROGRAMMED INSTRUCTION.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : ILLINOIS UNIV URBANA GROUP EFFECTIVENESS RESEARCH LAB

Personal Author(s) : Symonds,John D.

Report Date : MAR 1969

Pagination or Media Count : 38

Abstract : Forty-seven subjects in two groups involved in a cross-cultural field study were trained on an Arab Culture Assimilator, basically a branching type of learning program, containing four conditions of social reinforcement; positive reinforcement for correct choices, negative reinforcement for incorrect choices, both positive and negative evaluation for either response, and no social evaluation. It was found that the presence of negative reinforcement as a factor significantly lowered the learning performance in one group. The opposite trend was evidenced in the other group. This discrepancy and those with other similar investigations were discussed in terms of a differential motivational explanation. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*PROGRAMMED INSTRUCTION, CULTURE), LEARNING, PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), PERSONALITY, STATISTICAL ANALYSIS, SOCIOMETRICS, MIDDLE EAST, INTERACTIONS

Subject Categories : Humanities and History
      Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE