Accession Number : AD0686261

Title :   TWO-DIMENSIONAL TURBULENT WAKES,

Corporate Author : MCGILL UNIV MONTREAL (QUEBEC) DEPT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

Personal Author(s) : Gartshore,Ian S.

Report Date : 21 JUL 1967

Pagination or Media Count : 14

Abstract : The equations of mean motion indicate that two-dimensional turbulent wakes, when subjected to appropriately tailored adverse pressure gradients, can be self-preserving. An experimental examination of two nearly self-preserving wakes is reported. Mean velocity, longitudinal and lateral turbulence intensity, intermittency and shear stress distributions were measured and compared with Townsend's data from the small-deficit undistorted wake. In comparison with the undistorted case, the present wakes have slightly lower turbulent intensities and significantly lower shear stresses, all quantities being nondimensionalized by a local velocity scale taken as the maximum mean velocity deficit. A consideration of the reasons for the shear stress reduction leads to an expression from which the shear stresses in any symmetrical free equilibrium shear flow can be found. This relationship is used to calculate the rate of growth in the measured wakes, with reasonable success. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*TURBULENCE, WAKE), (*TWO DIMENSIONAL FLOW, TURBULENCE), EQUATIONS OF MOTION, PRESSURE, SHEAR STRESSES, VELOCITY, INTENSITY, CANADA

Subject Categories : Fluid Mechanics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE