Accession Number : AD0690798

Title :   MULTIPLE LINEAR REGRESSION ANALYSIS OF SCINTILLATION GAMMA-RAY SPECTRA: THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS,

Corporate Author : NAVAL RADIOLOGICAL DEFENSE LAB SAN FRANCISCO CALIF

Personal Author(s) : Covell,David F. ; Brown,M. ; Yamamoto,Sachio

Report Date : 05 JUN 1969

Pagination or Media Count : 28

Abstract : Application of the method of multiple linear regression as a data-analysis technique for gamma-ray scintillation spectrometer data requires knowledge of (1) the response matrix of the spectrometer and (2) the covariance matrix of the unknown spectrum (or spectra). Neither matrix is known exactly. The response matrix can usually be determined with good precision and an estimate of the covariance matrix can usually be made. Perturbations or errors in either matrix, however, will introduce biases in the results. In addition, in the formulation of the method, assumptions are made and criteria are specified which may be appropriate for particular applications. Once generated, the particular formulation is frequently assumed to be generally applicable; additional biases can thereby be introduced. In the report, theoretical and practical considerations are delineated which are important to the satisfactory utilization of the multiple linear regression method. Subjective judgments which are introduced in the formulation of the method are indicated, and in view of these judgments, specific areas are described where care must be exercised, both in the acquisition of the data and in the subsequent processing. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*SCINTILLATION COUNTERS, GAMMA RAY SPECTRA), (*GAMMA RAY SPECTRA, *REGRESSION ANALYSIS), SPECTROMETERS, MATRICES(MATHEMATICS), PULSE HEIGHT ANALYZERS

Subject Categories : Nuclear Instrumentation
      Nuclear Physics & Elementary Particle Physics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE