Accession Number : AD0693326

Title :   CULTURAL DIFFERENCES IN TASK APPROACH AND OPTIMAL PERFORMANCE IN A TRANSFER TASK.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. 1 Feb 68-31 Aug 69,

Corporate Author : NEW YORK UNIV N Y DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY

Personal Author(s) : Weitz,Joseph

Report Date : AUG 1969

Pagination or Media Count : 65

Abstract : A verbal learning task was so designed that subjects could learn the material (three letter syllables) either by their position in a matrix or by association. The subject was given a number of trials initially and transferred to a second learning task. The second learning was arranged to have either the position or the associations the same as in the first learning. Two hundred and sixteen N.Y.U. students and 122 University of Puerto Rico students were tested under a variety of conditions using different criteria for time of transfer. In general, the female subjects did better than the males where there was positive transfer on position and negative on association. This was true for both the U. S. students and the Puerto Rican group. The males seem more likely to learn by association than by position. Suggestions are made concerning the optimal time for transfer and the results are related to the use of simulation training.

Descriptors :   (*LEARNING, PERFORMANCE(HUMAN)), TRANSFER OF TRAINING, TIME, MALES, FEMALES, CORRELATION TECHNIQUES, CULTURE, STUDENTS, PUERTO RICO, NEW YORK, ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE, SIMULATORS, OPTIMIZATION

Subject Categories : Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE