Accession Number : AD0695118

Title :   THERMODYNAMICS OF CONTINUOUS SYSTEMS.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : OKLAHOMA UNIV RESEARCH INST NORMAN

Personal Author(s) : Sliepcevich,C. M. ; Starling,K. E. ; Havens,J. A.

Report Date : AUG 1969

Pagination or Media Count : 245

Abstract : The feasibility of a unified approach to transport processes based on classical thermodynamics or thermostatics is examined. The first chapter reviews the concept of discontinuous, uniform systems for analyzing continuous or nonequilibrium systems. A comparison of the microscopic and macroscopic approaches for establishing the existence of the reciprocal relations is also analyzed. The implications of invoking the notion of local equilibrium are demonstrated by simple temperature relaxation processes. Chapters 2, 3, and 4 give detailed derivations of the entropy balance for continuous, fluid systems in which diffusion and chemical reactions take place. Emphasis is given to the well-known transport theory paradox which reveals inconsistencies in the entropy balance obtained from classical mechanics as opposed to classical thermodynamics. Techniques for avoiding these discrepancies are proposed. (Author)

Descriptors :   (*FLUID MECHANICS, *THERMODYNAMICS), TRANSPORT PROPERTIES, HEAT TRANSFER, CONTINUUM MECHANICS, KINETIC ENERGY, STATISTICAL MECHANICS, ENTROPY

Subject Categories : Fluid Mechanics
      Thermodynamics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE