Accession Number : AD0696083
Title : ELASTIC RESPONSE OF SHOCK-ISOLATED CYLINDERS BURIED IN A DENSE, DRY SAND.
Descriptive Note : Final rept. Jul 67-Jul 68,
Corporate Author : ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MISS
Personal Author(s) : Foster,David C.
Report Date : OCT 1969
Pagination or Media Count : 119
Abstract : The objective of the study was to investigate the elastic response of a stiff, horizontally oriented, steel cylinder backpacked with a low-strength cellular concrete and buried in a dense, dry sand, whose surface was subjected to static and dynamic overpressures. Four series of tests were conducted on the cylinder (one static and one dynamic series without backpacking, and two dynamic series with backpacking). The cylinder had an outside diameter of 6 inches, a 0.120-inch wall thickness, and a stiffness of 164 psi. Static and dynamic surface overpressures ranged from 0 to 250 psi and from 100 to 250 psi, respectively. In the tests with backpacking, a layer of cellular concrete with a thickness of either 1-3/8 or 2-7/8 inches encompassed the cylinder. The cylinder was buried at a depth of 15 inches, which was held constant for all tests. Measurements were made of the strains and accelerations experienced by the cylinder, test chamber bonnet pressure, surface overpressure, and free-field pressure and acceleration. Backpacking reduced the peak strains experienced by the cylinder, and a redistribution of the strains in the cylinder occurred. For all tests utilizing backpacking, the accelerations of the cylinder were reduced to approximately 10 to 50 percent of those measured in corresponding tests without backpacking. (Author)
Descriptors : (*COMBAT INFORMATION CENTERS, PROTECTION), (*UNDERGROUND STRUCTURES, SHOCK RESISTANCE), SHOCK WAVES, CYLINDRICAL BODIES, ELASTIC SHELLS, RESPONSE, SHOCK ABSORBERS, CONCRETE, SAND, LOADS(FORCES), STRAIN(MECHANICS), ACCELERATION, STEEL, BENDING, FORCE(MECHANICS), DEFENSE SYSTEMS, BLAST, NUCLEAR EXPLOSIONS
Subject Categories : Structural Engineering and Building Technology
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE